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Jaw & TMJ Problems

Jaw & TMJ problems

Pain or dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint is commonly referred to as “TMJ”, when in fact, TMJ is really the name of the joint, and Temporomandibular joint disorder(or dysfunction) is abbreviated TMD. This term is used to refer to a group of problems involving the TMJs and the muscles, tendons, ligaments, blood vessels, and other tissues associated with them. Some practitioners might include the neck, the back and even the whole body in describing problems with the TMJs.
TMJ pain is generally due to one of four reasons.

The most common cause of TMJ pain is myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome, primarily involving the muscles of mastication.

Internal derangements is defined as an abnormal relationship of the disc to any of the other components of the TMJ. Disc displacement is an example of internal derangement.

Degenerative joint disease, otherwise known as osteoarthritis is the organic degeneration of the articular surfaces within the TMJ.

TMJ pain remains one of the most reliable diagnostic criteria for temporal arteritis.